FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT DONATION
Why is it important to consider organ and tissue donation?
Nearly 1,500 Hoosiers and more than 120,000 people nationwide are waiting for life-saving organ transplants. (That’s enough to fill Lucas Oil Stadium almost twice.) In the U.S., another person is added to the transplant waiting list every 10 minutes. Each day 22 people (on average) in the nation die because a donated organ wasn’t available in time.
Who can donate?
Almost every person can be a donor. Interested people should not rule themselves out due to age or any medical condition. Physicians will determine at the time of death what organs and tissues can be donated.
What organs can be donated?
Organs that can be donated for transplantation include kidneys, heart, lungs, liver, pancreas and small intestine. Tissues that can be donated include corneas, skin, heart valves, bones, veins and tendons.
How are organs distributed to patients waiting for transplants?
Each patient waiting for an organ transplant is listed with the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), the agency responsible for ensuring that donated organs are distributed fairly. When a donor is identified, the donor’s blood type, tissue type, body weight, size, etc., are matched against the list of patients currently waiting for transplant. In addition, the recipient’s severity of illness and time on the waiting list are factored into the matching process.
How do organ/tissue recovery organizations like Indiana Donor Network learn about potential donors?
When medical professionals in an Indiana hospital identify a potential donor, they use a 24-hour number to contact Indiana Donor Network. Representatives from Indiana Donor Network then assist the referring hospital and the donor family with the medical, legal and ethical aspects of donation.
Can organs be sold?
Federal law prohibits the sale of organs and tissues. All anatomical donations are an extraordinary gift—the gift of life.
How long must a patient wait for a transplant?
The time a patient spends on the waiting list for an organ can vary from a few days to several years. The length of a patient’s wait is affected by several factors, including the urgency of his or her medical condition and the availability of donated organs. Tissue banks have a very limited supply of donated skin, bone, heart valves, tendons and corneas. All patients awaiting an organ or tissue transplant depend on the generosity of others.
What is the maximum amount of time between organ recovery and transplantation?
The maximum time from recovery to transplantation varies by the type of organ/tissue:
|Kidney (48-72 hours)
Liver (6-12 hours)
Heart (4-5 hours)
Lung (4-6 hours)
Heart/Lung (4 hours)
Heart valves (10 years)
|Pancreas (6-12 hours)
Small intestine (6-12 hours)
Skin (2 years)
Bone (5 years)
Cornea (7 days)
Tendons (2 years)
(These time frames are subject to change with advancements in technology.)
Questions regarding the personal decision to donate
Will my medical care change because of my decision to donate?
Absolutely not. The quality of medical care will not change, regardless of your decision. All patients continue to receive the excellent care they deserve. Permission for organ/tissue donation is only effective in the event of death.
Is the identity of recipients revealed to the donor family?
The identity of both the donor and the recipient is confidential. Indiana Donor Network will provide the donor’s family with basic information about the recipients, such as age, sex, profession and general location. Some donor family members and recipients choose to communicate anonymously, and Indiana Donor Network facilitates this process.
Will organ/tissue donation interfere with funeral arrangements or change my appearance?
An open casket funeral is possible for organ and tissue donors. Through the entire donation process, the donor is treated with care, respect and dignity.
When must the organs/tissues be removed?
Organs must be removed as soon as possible after the determination of brain death, usually within 12 to 36 hours. Donated tissues must be removed within 12 hours of death.
What happens when donated organs are removed?
The recipient transplant team travels to the hospital where the donor is located. Once the organs have been removed, they are cooled and preserved. The team will then return to the hospital where transplantation of that organ will take place.
Does my religion support organ/tissue donation?
Moral leaders around the world favor such donations as expressions of the highest humanitarian ideals. The gift of an organ or tissue essential to the life of another human being is consistent with the principles of Judeo-Christian teachings. If you have any questions, please consult your religious leader.
Will my family be charged for the donation?
No. All costs related to organ and tissue donation are paid by the recovery agencies.
How do I register my donation decision?
You can register your decision to be an organ and tissue donor online at IndianaDonorNetwork.org, at a Bureau of Motor Vehicles (BMV) branch or by filling out a written donor registration form. Please share your decision to be a donor with your family.